The United Mikir and North Cachar Hills District came into existence on 17.11.1951. Before that the area formed parts of Nagaon District, Sivasagar District, United Khasi and Jaintia Hills District and Cachar District. The District was formed by combining partially excluded areas of Nagaon and erstwhile Sivasagar (Mikir Hills Tract), Block-I and Block-II of United Khasi and Jaintia Hills District and North Cachar Hills (excluded area) Sub-Division of Cachar District
As per provisions of the Sixth Schedule, Karbi Anglong District Council was constituted on 23.06.1952 with its headquarter at Diphu which was formally inaugurated by Late Bishnuram Medhi, the then Chief Minister of Assam. .
Held every year since 1974, the Karbi Youth Festival, sponsored by the ‘Karbi Cultural Society’ (KCS), is the oldest and largest ethnic festival in the North East that mixes tradition with modernity and celebrates the cultural heritage of the Karbis.The 43rd Karbi Youth Festival invites you to Explore The Oldest, Richest & The Biggest Ethnic Festival of North East India.
Besides the original Karbi Tribes, there are also a large number of other tribal communities residing in the district. The prominent among them are :-
The Karbis traditionally practice jhum cultivation (Slash-and-burn cultivation) in the hills. They grow variety of crops which include foodgrains, vegetables and fruits like rice, maize, potato, tapioca, beans, ginger and turmeric.
They are quiet self-sufficient and have homestead gardens which fulfill their nutritional as well as food needs.
The Karbis are a Patrilineal society and is composed of five major clans or Kur.
Jambili Athon - a symbolical rod with 5(five) branches and at the end of each branch, there is a wooden bird, which is called in Karbi "Vo-rali". The Jambili is a very interesting phenomenon. The tribe has five Kurs or clans and the Jambili has five branches. This is the symbolical representation of the tribe and it is also the symbol of clan unity.